Gold reserve

A gold reserve is the gold held by a central bank or nation intended as a store of value and as a guarantee to redeem promises to pay depositors, note holders (e.g., paper money), or trading peers, or to secure a currency.
 Gold reserve   
Rank Country Gold (tonnes) Gold's share of national forex reserves
  1   United States   8,133.5     66.3%  
  2   Germany   3,359.1     66.0%  
  3   Italy   2,451.8     62.9%  
  4   France   2,436.4     57.8%  
  5   Russia   2,298.5     21.4%  
  6   China   1,948.3     3.3%  
  7   Switzerland   1,040.0     5.6%  
  8   Japan   846.0     3.5%  
  9   India   754.1     6.9%  
  10   Netherlands   612.5     55.4%  
  —   European Central Bank   504.8     34.3%  
  11   Taiwan   423.6     4.3%  
  12   Kazakhstan   402.4     68.3%  
  13   Turkey   394.2     23.9%  
  14   Portugal   382.6     68.9%  
  15   Uzbekistan   362.0     59.7%  
  16   Saudi Arabia   323.1     3.9%  
  17   United Kingdom   310.3     9.3%  
  18   Lebanon   286.8     46.9%  
  19   Spain   281.6     17.8%  
  20   Austria   280.0     48.0%  
  21   Thailand   244.2     5.8%  
  22   Poland   230.8     8.1%  
  23   Belgium   227.4     31.8%  
  24   Algeria   173.6     18.0%  
  25   Venezuela   161.2     82.9%  
  26   Philippines   157.8     8.5%  
  27   Singapore   153.7     2.1%  
  28   Brazil   129.7     2.1%  
  29   Egypt   125.9     N/A  
  30   Sweden   125.7     11.8%  
  31   South Africa   125.3     12.6%  
  32   Mexico   119.9     3.3%  
  33   Libya   116.6     8.4%  
  34   Greece   114.1     46.5%  
  35   South Korea   104.4     1.3%  
  36   Romania   103.6     11.1%  
  37   Iraq   96     8.8%  
  38   Hungary   94.5     13.7%  
  39   Australia   79.8     8.1%  
  40   Kuwait   79.0     9.2%  
  41   Indonesia   78.6     3.1%  
  42   Denmark   66.5     4.7%  
  43   Pakistan   64.6     18.0%  
  44   Argentina   61.7     9.5%  
  45   Qatar   57.4     7.8%  
  46   United Arab Emirates   55.4     2.4%  
  47   Belarus   53.4     36.7%  
  48   Cambodia   50.4     14.4%  
  49   Finland   49.0     17.1%  
  50   Jordan   43.5     16.2%  
  Total